Developing the Resources of a Rich Territory
ASCENDING A GRADIENT OF 1 IN 25. A “Beyer-
ALL the railways in Burma, with the exception of under 100 miles of narrow-
Not only is Rangoon a thoroughly modern city of great commercial importance, but also it is fortunate in possessing a river front with miles of jetties and wharves. Here ocean-
Rangoon is thus a busy railway centre for goods traffic, and it is only necessary to quote the following facts to show what a heavy passenger traffic it also commands. As well as the main or central station, Phayre Street, there are over twenty stations in the suburban area, and at Phayre Street over 150 trains, arriving or departing, are dealt with daily. Between 5am and midnight a train arrives or departs on the average every seven or eight minutes, while during the business rush hours the interval is considerably shorter. Nor are the trains light, for the locals, running out in three different directions, consist of eight bogie coaches, weighing in all about 180 tons, and are hauled by 4-
2,056 MILES of the metre-
Phayre Street Station is a fine modern structure, having seven platform laces. Its facade, overlooking wide approach roads bordered by well-
The local services run out to Insein, or Wanetchaung, on the Prome main line, to Cantonments on a branch line, and to Thingangyun on the Mandalay main line A feature of the Phayre Street Station is its comfortable rest or retiring rooms, situated above the European refreshment room.
The passenger station yard is controlled by three principal signal boxes, two of which have about a hundred levers each, and the third about seventy-
Goods traffic is dealt with at a large concentration yard at Malagon -
from and distribute traffic to the “suburban loop”, which runs the whole length of the wharves and jetties along the Rangoon River frontage of the city. A large number of rice mills and timber sidings along the river front, and on the Dawbon branch are also fed by these two concentration yards.
The accompanying map clearly shows the main lines out of Rangoon. One route runs north-
THE MAIN STATION AT RANGOON, Phayre Street, possesses seven platforms. Over 150 trains, arriving or departing, are dealt with daily. No. 1 platform is used by main line trains only, and the other platforms are long enough to accommodate two local trains at a time. Rangoon Station is a busy railway centre both for passenger and freight trains, handling long-
The vast structure which replaced the wagon ferry across the Irrawaddy at Sagaing near Mandalay is called the Ava Bridge, taking its name from an ancient and now deserted capital of Burma near at hand. This bridge consists of nine spans, each 350 ft in length, one span of 250 ft, and six spans of 60 ft. The structure carries two roadways as well as the railway. Each of the 350 ft spans weighs 1,020 tons. The foundations consist of steel caissons 59 ft long and 29 ft wide. These are anchored in rock at varying depths down to 104 ft below bed level. There is a 40 ft seasonal rise and fall in the river level, and a 40 ft headway is allowed for steamers passing under the bridge in high flood. The piers are heavily reinforced to resist earthquake shocks.
Though the Ava Bridge is the largest in Burma, there are many other big bridges and viaducts, including the Gokteik Viaduct on the Lashio branch, the Sittang Bridge on the Pegu-
Apart from the particularly interesting articulated engines already described in the chapter, “Hill Lines of India”, beginning on page 826, the principal types of locomotives on the Burma railways are the 4-
The permanent way consists of flat-
The standard interlocking used for all single-
on the double line, and about forty double-
It will be noticed that the Burma Railways is an isolated system connected with no other railway. But among the extensions to the Burma Railways that has been surveyed from time to time are three main Indo-