© Railway Wonders of the World 2012-
No. 453 “King Athur”, the original of the 4-
A BATCH of ten 4-
Before rebuilding, the locos had wheels of 6 ft diameter and four cylinders, 15-
There are now two cylinders, 20½-
The boiler is standard for the class, but it is fitted with the Maunsell superheater, having Header vacuum relief valves, Ross safety valves, and a larger chimney. The Ashford sight feed lubricator is arranged to feed into the steam pipes that join the cylinders outside the smoke box.
The overall dimensions of the locos have been reduced in height and width to enable them to be worked on any section of the Southern Railway. Pumps are fitted to maintain the vacuum for the brake. The tenders are of the original design, but the wells and the Drummond feed water heater have been removed.
The leading dimensions and particulars of weights, etc, are as follows :—
Locomotive No. 453 (“King Arthur”) has already been put into main line service with quite satisfactory results. It was attached to the 1 p.m. Express, Charing Cross to Folkestone (central), the load of which was specially strengthened to consist of eight double-
Although the locomotive was restricted to a maximum speed of 60 miles per hour, the journey was accomplished over this unusually difficult section of railway several minutes within the regular booked timing.
The policy has been adopted of giving names to the new and rebuilt engines, bearing some relation to the districts in which they are destined to serve.
Thousands of holiday-
It is therefore very appropriate that the new engines should be named after the Knights of the Round Table, as many of them will be in the holiday traffic to the romantic district known as “King Arthur’s Land”. Ten will also be put into traffic this summer on the boat train services from London to Folkestone and Dover.
Hitherto the working of these important trains has been confined to locos of the 4-
The following is the list of names of the “King Arthur” class locomotives:-
The “King Arthur” outside Victoria.
You can read more on “British Express Locomotives”, “The Golden Arrow” and “The Story of the Southern” on this website.