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Editorial to Part 24

THIS is the time of the year when we think of holidays. To many railway enthusiasts the train journey is one of the most important parts of a holiday. There is a suggestion of romance in the sight of a great express waiting at the head of a holiday train. Some of the most famous trains in Great Britain carry the holiday crowds; among them is the famous “Cornish Riviera Express”.

Part 25 of Railway Wonders of the World, on sale next Friday, July 19, will contain a complete chapter on this famous train. The “Cornish Riviera Express” first ran in 1904, when it consisted of five light corridor coaches and a dining-car. The weight behind the engine amounted to 140 tons. To-day the minimum formation of the train is fourteen carriages, which, together with passengers and luggage, amount to approximately 500 tons. At busy seasons this figure can be increased, by extra coaches, to 575 tons.

For many years the “Cornish Riviera Express” held the world’s record for the longest non-stop run - 225½ miles from Paddington Station to Plymouth. The world’s non-stop record is now held, in the summer, by the LNER “Flying Scotsman”, and for the rest of the year by the LMS express “Royal Scot”. The “Cornish Riviera Express” now covers the distance from Paddington to Plymouth in four hours. This journey, fully described in next week’s part, includes one of the steepest short inclines in Great Britain on any main line, the 1 in 36 stretch on the southern fringe of Dartmoor.

I HAVE received many appreciative letters on the chapter on the railways of Germany and Holland which appeared in Parts 18 and 19. Next week I am devoting a further chapter to the latest railway developments in Germany. This will describe a remarkable rail-car that is propelled by an aero engine and a single air screw. It is claimed that this train has reached a speed which exceeds two miles a minute. Various types of rail-cars, notable trains, the latest developments in electrification, some of the giant electric locomotives, Germany’s celebrated mountain railway - the Bavarian Zugspitze Railway, which ascends the highest mountain in Germany, and takes its passengers as high as 9,725 ft - will also be included in this comprehensive survey of recent German activities.

Electricity has become a vital factor in modem rail transport. The great networks of suburban lines in the neighbourhoods of the world’s great cities are now nearly all electrically operated. Next week I shall include a chapter on the history of electric traction. The first experimental electric railway is said to have been invented by Thomas Davenport, a blacksmith, of Vermont, USA. In 1847, Professor Farmer was responsible for building an electric car carrying two passengers at Dover, New Hampshire. From that day many experiments were carried out in all parts of the globe, experiments in which rail and road cars were operated by means of electric storage batteries. But as we read in Part 19 of Railway Wonders of the World, the first successful electric railway in Great Britain was Volk’s, which we now regard as a pleasure line at Brighton. The development of electric traction is an outstanding example of how scientific progress on the railways has been made possible by the collective efforts of men working simultaneously all over the world. In this chapter, not only is the story of early electrical transport given, but also the fundamental principles that lie behind it. The chapter will be supplemented by some fascinating illustrations.

CONTINUING our popular series, “Railways of the Empire”, we shall include next week a chapter on the railways in Nigeria and Sierra Leone. There are nearly 2,000 miles of line open in Nigeria, and the systems are under the Nigerian Government. At one time there were two areas under separate administration, with two railway bases at Lagos and Port Harcourt. To-day the Benue Bridge, which was opened in 1932, makes for faster working between the east and west lines, now that there is no need for a train ferry. The Benue Bridge is one of the finest rail and road structures in Africa, and is 2,584 ft long. The Sierra Leone Government Railways are smaller, but nevertheless important, and it is interesting to note that more than half their goods revenue is derived from the transport of palm kernels.

OUR cover this week shows the “Lord Nelson”, which is one of the most powerful of the Southern Railway’s locomotives. It has four cylinders, of 16½-in diameter by 26-in stroke. The driving wheels have a diameter of 6 ft 7-in, and the engine and tender weigh, in working order, 140 tons 5 cwt. The “Lord Nelson” is the first of a class of that name, and has the 4-6-0 wheel arrangement.


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